In 1851 some 5.9 per cent of the Galashiels population in the Census returns were shown as lodgers or boarder, the number falling to 5 per cent in 1881 with twice as many boarders as lodgers (see Table 4); analysis indicates they were mostly incomers to the town and half employed in the woollen-textile mills.   The guidance given to Census Enumerators that ‘boarders ate at the same table as the household’ but ‘lodgers provided for themselves’, must have presented enumerators standing on the doorstep with a considerable problem on how to list these individuals as part of a household.  On that basis, Table 4 shows the number of boarders compared to lodgers in 1851 and 1881. 

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Table 3                   

Types of Household in Galashiels.

 
1851
%
1881
%
Single persons
43
3.6
141
4.6
Married couples, no children
69
5.8
185
5.8
One parent with children
108
9.0
262
8.2
Married couples with children
434
36.4
1353
42.5
Households with resident relatives*
204
17.1
560
17.6
Households with resident boarders/lodgers*
159
13.3
453
14.2
Households with resident servants*
99
8.3
153
4.8
Complex households
75
6.3
75
2.3
  
Total number of households
1191
99.8
3182
100.0

In addition, in 1881 there were two households forming the Combination Poorhouse
with 22 and 26 occupants.

 *See Table 4

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Table 4        

Number of Boarders, Lodgers, Servants and Kin living in Households.

(Percentage of total population.)

    1851         1881    
  Total
%
m
f
  Total  % 
m 
f
Boarders
3
   
  487 3.2
289
198
Lodgers 
349
5.9
259
90
  272 1.8
191
81
Servants  
154
2.6
9
145
  120 0.8
4
116
Kin : Blood relations
191
3.2
81
110
  486 3.2
167
319
Kin : in-laws
72
1.2 
41
31
  209 1.4
92
117

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